Worms are integral part of organic gardening. Rich organic fertilizers could not be made without the earthworms and red wrigglers dwelling in your garden soil. These worms are essential for decomposing organic matters for producing compost. Expert gardeners will tell you that even a small amount of worm compost is adequate for boosting the growth of your garden plants.
Worm composting – basic ingredients
Worm composting could be done throughout the year, both indoors and outdoors. All you need to kick-start the worm composting process is a compost bin, some bedding material, food wastes and worms. It is always advisable to use wooden containers as compost bins. In the absence of any wooden container, you can opt for plastic bins. Use shredded newspapers, cardboards, sawdust, straws and dry leaves as bedding for the compost pile.
You can’t go on digging your yard in search of worms. It is always easier to find the right compost worm from a worm dealer. May be a farmer or an owner of a horse stable could help you in this process. You can even find worms in compost bins of your friends. Red wrigglers are most suitable for creating composts. You would need at least 500 red wrigglers to start the composting process.
Worm composting process
To facilitate ventilation and drainage, the compost bin should have about 8 to 12 holes at the bottom. The number of holes will depend on the size of the compost bin. It is advisable to place the compost bin on a wooden plank or on bricks. This will enhance air circulation in the bin. The worms need moisture and darkness to survive. Keep the bin in a dark corner of your house or yard and cover it with a dark sheet of plastic.
Moisten the bedding before placing it in the bin. About 2 handfuls of soil or sand should be added to the bin. Add fruit and vegetable peels, rotten fruits and vegetables, ground eggshells, used tealeaves and coffee beans in the compost bin. Don’t feed the worms oil, dairy products and meat. Finally, add the worms, cover the bin and leave it aside for worm composting.