Urinary tract infection is a common form of infection that affects millions of individuals every year. Compared to men, women are more prone to urinary tract infection. It is estimated that one out of every five women suffers from urinary tract infection at least once in their lifetime.
Urinary tract infection causes
E.coli or Escherichia coli a bacterium found in the bowel and the anus is responsible for the urinary tract infection. Several factors can cause these bacteria to move from the anus to the opening of the urethra, causing the infection. In normal circumstances, the bacteria that enter the urinary tract are flashed out from the body naturally through urination.
However, sometimes presence of excess bacteria in the urinary tract makes it extremely difficult to eliminate the bacteria through urination. Poor hygiene is frequently responsible for this infection. Sometimes frequent sexual intercourse can cause this disease.
Large number of bacteria is introduced in the bladder after sexual intercourse, which increase the risk of urinary tract infections. Urinary tract infection begins at the mouth of the urethra. From here, the bacteria move upwards, spreading the infection on the upper part of the urinary tract, to the bladder or even the kidney. Inability to empty the bladder completely can also be responsible for the disease. After menopause, women often suffer from bladder decompensation, which increases the risk of the disease.
Urinary tract infection recurrence
Doctors prescribe antibiotics for treating the infections. It is seen that despite completing your antibiotic medication course, as recommended by your doctor, the infection might recur after some time. Nearly 27 to 48 percent women experience recurrence of urinary tract infection a few months after the first infection.
Urinary tract infection home remedies
Besides taking antibiotic medicines as prescribed by your physician, certain home remedies can help to heal the infection speedily and prevent its recurrence. Studies have shown that cranberry juice is extremely effective in curing urinary tract infection. The compounds present in cranberry juice inhibit the bacteria responsible for the infection from clinging to the urinary tract. Moreover, unlike antibiotic medicines, cranberry juice targets only the infection causing bacteria. If cranberry juice is unavailable, you can try any other fresh berry juice, such as blueberry or lignonberry juice. Having fermented milk products, such as milk and kefir, rich in probiotics or beneficial bacteria, also helps to cure urinary tract infection.