Types of learning Disability in kids

learning-disability-in-kids Learning Disability in kids

Learning disability is a problem associated with brain and its ability to receive, analyzes, process and store information. The kid’s having learning disability may be of average or above average intelligence. But they may learn things in a different way. They may have difficulty in reading, writing, speaking; doing arithmetic etc. learning disability can be a genetic disorder and can be inherited from parents or grand parents. There are different types of learning disability and a kid may get one or two among them and rarely all.



Types of Learning Disability

Dyslexia



This is a type of learning disability in which the kids will have problem in reading and using language. They may read very slowly and painfully. They may experience decoding errors particularly on the order of letters. So they will show difficulty with spellings and handwriting. They may also experience difficulty in recalling the most familiar words.

Dysgraphia




It is a writing disability. In most cases they may show cursive writing. Their letters may show irregular shapes, size, slanting etc. while writing they may omit words or letters. They also have inconsistent spacing between the letters and words. They may write slowly and with difficulty as it will be difficult for them to think and write together.

Dyscalculia

It is a problem associated with mathematical and arithmetic concepts. They may experience difficulty in sequencing event or information. They may show difficulty in adding multiplying, subtracting and dividing. It will be difficulty for them to handle money and to understand the concepts like seasons, weeks, months, days etc.

Dyspraxia(Sensory Integration Disorder)

Here it will be difficult for the kids to control and co-ordinate the entire process in the body like difficulty in coordinating the eye and hand, two sides of the body etc. They may get disturbed with certain sounds and may have difficulty in doing certain tasks like putting together puzzles, coloring between lines etc.

Non-Verbal Learning Disorders

They may have difficulty in recognizing nonverbal cues and have poor psycho-motor coordination. They may have problem in changing their usual routine and have difficulty in following the multi-step instruction.

Language Disorders

Here the kids have difficulty in acquiring the spoken language meaning. He will have a lot to say but don’t know how to say and thus makes the kid disappointed.

Central Auditory Processing Disorder

They don’t have any problem in recalling or interpreting non verbal sounds while they have problem regarding processing and recalling language related tasks. They may mispronounce or make spelling mistakes in between the similar sounds. They need time to think and to express the ideas.

Visual Perceptual/Visual Motor Deficit

They may reverse letters for example ‘p’ for ‘q’ or ‘b’ for‘d’ etc. They show difficulty in copying the words. They often complain about eye itching, and may even rub their eyes frequently. They may lose place and may wander.



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