Depression is a common psychological disorder of the current era. Although we tend to link depression with a general sensation of sadness, depression is a generic term. It can be classified into different sub groups. Knowing the different types of depression helps us to search for a more viable solution to this emotion disorder.
Types of depression
People suffering from major depression are overwhelmed by melancholy. The severity of the symptoms of this form of depression might vary from person to person. Occasionally you will come across a gloomy person, unable to enjoy the simple pleasures of life. They are disinterested in regular activities. They live in a state of hopelessness. In the absence of medical intervention, major depression tends to subside naturally within six months. It is common to experience an episode of major depression once in the lifetime. However, episodes of major depression often recur in people vulnerable to emotional distress.
Atypical depression is a form of major depression. Unlike major depression sufferers overwhelmed by sadness, a positive event could lift the mood of a person suffering from atypical depression. People suffering from atypical depression are elated by praise and success. Atypical depression is usually blamed for weight gain, food craving and oversleeping.
Dysthymia is also known as mild depression. In dysthymia, brief episodes of melancholy recur frequently. Sometimes a person affected by dysthymia is not even aware of the existence of this psychological disorder. The mild symptoms of depression tend to go unnoticed. Often symptoms of dysthymia overlap with major depression, producing an emotional condition known as double depression.
Maniac depression or bipolar depression
This is a more serious form of depression. The victim of manic depression undergoes cyclical mood changes. Episodes of depression are followed by mania. The mood changes can be pretty fast. People suffering from manic depression tend to be suicidal. Bipolar disorders are not treated with antidepressants. Medications used for treating other forms of depression could worsen this emotional problem.
Seasonal affective disorder
ometimes seasonal changes can affect your mood. People suffering from seasonal affective disorder are overwhelmed by sadness during fall and winter. This psychological disorder is common among people living in the distant northern latitudes.