If excess fluid is lost from your body, the low fluid level in the body obstructs normal body functions. Dehydration can develop if you lose excess body fluid from sweating, diarrhea, vomiting or during fever. Any person irrespective of age, gender or health condition could develop dehydration, if they are not careful about replenishing the lost water.
Symptoms of dehydration
If you are suffering from dehydration, you will experience thirst. You mouth will become dry and sticky. Your urine output would fall. If you haven’t urinated for more than eight hours during the day, it is possible that you are suffering from dehydration. You will feel tired, sleepy and your muscles will become weak. You might experience dizziness or headache.
In case of severe dehydration, the above symptoms will be more intense. The skin would become dry and shriveled. Blood pressure might fall and heartbeat increases. In the extreme case, dehydration will make you unconscious. Checking the color of the urine is the easiest way of identifying dehydration. If you are suffering from dehydration, the color of the urine becomes amber or dark yellow in color.
Preventing further loss of fluid and replenishing the lost fluid is essential for treating dehydration. If you feel dehydrated, you should stop all activities. Find a cooler spot, away from direct sunlight and drink about 2 quarts of water or juice every two to four hours, depending on the severity of the dehydration symptom.
Oral rehydration solution available in the chemist stores is usually sufficient for treating dehydration. To make a rehydrating drink, add Â½ teaspoon of table salt, 2 tablespoons of sugar, Â¼ teaspoon of potassium-based salt substitute, Â½ teaspoon baking soda with one quart of water.
Children could be given orange juice diluted with equal amounts of water or even plain water along with the oral rehydration solution. You can even suck popsicles besides consuming water and fluid for treating this condition.
Excess sweating from physical activities and exercises increases risk of dehydration in athletes. Drinking sports drinks will help to treat dehydration and preserve electrolyte imbalance. It is advisable to avoid salt tablets.
Diarrhea related dehydration should be treated with oral rehydration solution or plain water. You should avoid fruit juices, coffee or carbonated drinks while treating dehydration associated with diarrhea.