Often bleeding or spotting can disrupt the joy of pregnancy. Nearly 20 to 30 percent of pregnant women experience spotting during the first trimester of pregnancy. In most cases, bleeding stops within a few days. Sometimes spotting might continue throughout pregnancy. Several factors can cause spotting during this time. Spotting could be the symptom of normal changes during pregnancy.
However, sometimes, bleeding can be the sign of a serious disorder that needs immediate attention. It has been seen that nearly 50 percent woman who bleed during early pregnancy, deliver healthy babies. However, bleeding can also cause miscarriage.
Spotting during early pregnancy
After the fertilized egg implants into the uterine wall, the blood flow in the region increases. Excess blood might leak through the uterine wall, causing vaginal bleeding or spotting. Normal spotting or bleeding is not harmful for the mother or the fetus. It stops on its own. Spotting can be normal if it occurs from changes in the cervix. Any kind of contact with the cervix, usually during sexual intercourse, could cause mild spotting.
Risks of bleeding during pregnancy
However, bleeding in the second and third trimesters of pregnancy can be the sign of abnormal pregnancy. Although, brown or pink spotting can be normal, if you notice bright red colored spotting, you should immediately rush to your doctor. Heavy bleeding with blood clots, fever and abdominal pain needs immediate medical attention. Vaginal bleeding after the 28th week of pregnancy is especially hazardous for the mother and child. This is an emergency condition, which if left unattended could be fatal for the mother.
Bleeding and cramping could increase the risk of miscarriage. Miscarriage can occur if the mother is suffering from urinary tract infection, physical trauma or dehydration. It can also occur if the fetus is abnormal. Certain medications can also cause miscarriage. Bleeding can also be the symptom of abnormal pregnancies, such as molar pregnancy, abdominal pregnancy and tubal pregnancy. To check the condition of your pregnancy and to detect abnormalities, if any, your doctor might recommend an ultrasound scanning.
To reduce complications developing from normal spotting, you should take proper care of your health during pregnancy. By controlling high blood pressure and by avoiding strenuous physical activities you could reduce the risks of complicated pregnancy.