Skin Conditions in Diabetes
Diabetic patients are prone to get different types of skin problems and almost all the diabetic patients may suffer from skin problems at least once in their life. Diabetic skin problems include ulcers, infections, abnormal growths etc. The skin diseases of diabetic patients if not treated properly may leads to serious health problems in diabetic patients and are more dangerous too.
Causes for Skin Disorders in Diabetic Patients
The increased risk of getting skin diseases in diabetic patients are due to their impaired blood circulation. Other factors that contribute to the skin problems are hyperglycemia, suppressed immune system, high amount of fats in their blood stream, nerve damage, blood pressure etc.
Skin Disorders Commonly Seen in Diabetic Patients
The most commonly seen skin disorders in diabetic patients are rashes. There may be abnormal eruptions and growths over the skin.
In this skin disease the skin texture, structure, color and thickness may change. You can see brown or tan colored patches that may be at times slightly raised on the armpit, groin, sides of the neck etc and some times it may also appear on the elbows, hands and knees too.
Diabetics may even affect the small blood vessels that carry blood to the skin. This in turn may leads to scaly patches of light brown or red on the skin. These patches do not cause any pain or itching and are often called as skin spots.
As the diabetic patients have suppressed immune system they are prone to get bacterial infection like boils, styes, carbuncles etc. Many of them get bacterial infection on their nails. The infected area on the skin becomes red, swollen, hot and painful.
Candida albicans is the yeast responsible for causing fungal infection in diabetic patients. Usually fungal infections appear on moist and warm fold of the skin. The infection results in the formation red rashes encircled by scales and tiny blisters.
It is always better to prevent these skin diseases rather than treating them. For preventing skin disorders the diabetic patients should keep themselves in good hygiene.