Skin cancer – Mark the causes and treatment

skin-cancer Like all other cancer types, skin cancer is an ailment that is caused by proliferous cancer-cell growth within one’s skin. There are different types of this cancer type for instance, squamous cell carcinoma, basal cell carcinoma and melanoma.

Among these, the first two types are more common afflictions among patients suffering from this disease. The third type on the other hand, is considered to be a more severe from of skin ailment.

Causes and frequency

According to experts nearly ‘90% skin-cancer patients in US’ suffer from basal cell carcinoma. The different reasons that lead to this kind of cancer are mainly immense sunlight contact, old-age and pale complexion skin.

Mostly people who have a ‘light-colored complexion’ and ‘who are 50 years and above’ stand a risk to catch this ailment.

Basically, this type of cancer-type can be identified with the emergence of a ‘tiny bump’ that is enveloped by ‘artificial blood vessels.’ This boil generally has a shiny-white look and might appear on one’s back and chest area.

The other common type of skin cancer referred to as squamous cell carcinoma, which occurs due to cancer-spread in surface skin tissue. Here too, the amount of sunlight exposure and ultraviolet radiation contact are considered main causes for its spread.

According to reports, males are more commonly afflicted by this cancer-type than females.

This type of cancer makes its presence known through the appearance of reddish, coarse boils. These mainly occur on the ‘ears, back side of one’s hands and facial skin.’

Avoiding the ailment and knowing the treatment

Prevention is any day better than cure. Hence one must keep into mind some important points to avoid the occurrence of such ailments.

For both, squamous cell carcinoma and basal cell carcinoma; it is crucial to avoid too much of sun-light contact. This prevents over-exposure to ultraviolet radiation and keeps one safe.

A good doctor-prescribed sunscreen is a must before walking out in sunlight. One that provides ‘UV protection’ and has a SPF value of 30 is ideal for such occasions.

There are various treatment procedures that are conducted once any one of these two cancer types is diagnosed.

In extreme cases, surgical methods are opted for through which the cancerous tumor is removed from one’s body. Other methods include ‘cryosurgery, curettage and desiccation and radiation treatment.

Regular check-ups are something that one should perform religiously in order to keep this ailment at bay.