Thousands of people are affected by salmonella poisoning every year. Intake of food items contaminated with salmonella bacteria is responsible for this condition. Salmonella poisoning could sometimes become fatal. It is estimated that every year about 600 people die from salmonella poisoning in USA.
Causes of salmonella poisoning
Salmonella bacteria present in the intestines of humans and animals suffering from salmonella infection are released outside the body through the feces. Salmonella poisoning develops through intake of foods contaminated with feces of animals, birds or humans infected with salmonella bacteria. Raw meat and poultry are major sources of salmonella poisoning.
If chickens develop salmonella infection before the shell of the egg is formed, the bacteria might contaminate the egg. Recipes that use raw eggs are often the source of salmonella poisoning. Water contaminated with feces containing the salmonella bacteria is one of the major sources of salmonella poisoning. Food poisoning could occur by drinking contaminated water.
If water is contaminated with salmonella, the bacteria might infect the fish or seafood living in the contaminated water. If contaminated water is used for watering plants in the fields, raw fruits and vegetables could contain the harmful bacteria. Eating raw fruits, vegetables, poultry, egg, fish or meat increases the risk of salmonella poisoning. Inadequate acid secretion in the stomach could create a favorable environment for the salmonella bacteria to survive in the stomach.
Excess use of antacids could make you susceptible to salmonella infection. Good bacteria in your stomach prevent multiplication of the salmonella bacteria. Absence of enough good bacteria in the gut would aid proliferation of the salmonella. Inflammatory bowel disorder and poor immunity creates a favorable environment in the intestines for the salmonella.
Symptoms of salmonella poisoning develop 12 to 72 hours after contracting the infection. You would experience nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain, fever, headache and muscle pain. Blood may be present in the stool. Depending on the severity of the infection, it might take 4 to 7 days for the symptoms to subside.
Mild infections could be treated at home. You would need hospitalization if the bacteria enter the bloodstream and a major organ is infected by the salmonella.