Risks of Remaining Underweight During Pregnancy
The health of a baby inside a mother’s womb depends on the health of the mother. The food that a pregnant woman eats contributes to the growth and development of the baby. In take of foods that are rich in minerals and vitamins gives a healthy and normal baby.
Some women don’t eat sufficient food during pregnancy for the fear of gaining weight and at times the pregnancy symptoms prohibits them from taking enough food. All these conditions lead to health risks for your baby. If you are an underweight woman before pregnancy then you may gain 11 to 18 kg during your pregnancy to delivery a healthy baby. If you have twins then you may gain even more weight. Depending on your body mass index you need to gain 5 to 18 kg weight that your gynecologist can specify for you.
Risks of being Underweight
If you are underweight at the time of pregnancy then your risks for delivering a premature baby is more. Here the chances for delivering a bay with birth defects are also more. Or you may have a low weight baby that is prone to develop many diseases.
A pregnant woman must take at least 400 micrograms of folic acid per day otherwise the chances for having a baby with Spina Bifida is more and Spina Bifida is a defect of the neural tube. Such babies may have physical problems too. For having a safe pregnancy you need to take almost 600 to 800 micrograms of folic acid per day. The foods that contribute to folic acid include beans, spinach, legumes, orange juice, asparagus, bread, breakfast cereals etc.
Similarly lack of vitamins and minerals like vitamin A, B2, E, K, copper, iron, calcium, zinc etc may cause problems in expected mother and she may suffer from anemia and the baby may have an impaired brain functioning.
In order to avoid such problems in your baby take a well balanced diet and avoid the intake of caffeinated products and alcohol. During the first trimester you need to add 100 calories per day and in second and third trimester you have to take 300 calories per day to have a healthy baby.