With the growing incidence of type 2 diabetes, awareness about the risk factors, responsible for this health condition, can prevent occurrence of diabetes to some extent. Diabetes is a metabolic disorder. Most of the foods that we eat are converted into glucose. Insulin released by the pancreas helps our body to absorb the glucose. If the pancreas is unable to produce adequate amount of insulin or if the insulin is not working properly, glucose level in the blood rises, causing type 2 diabetes.
People with family history of diabetes are 25 percent more prone to this ailment. It is believed that genes responsible for diabetes pass from generation to generation. However, this does not mean that a person with a family history of diabetes cannot escape this ailment. The risk of diabetes is greater if your mother is diabetic. If both the parents are diabetic the risk of getting diabetes increases by 50 percent.
The risk of diabetes increases with age. After you are 45, risk of diabetes increases.Â Elderly people have greater risk of type 2 diabetes. As we age, our pancreas might weaken. If the weak pancreas is unable to release adequate amount of insulin in the body, diabetes will occur.
However, the rising incidence of diabetes in recent times is largely attributed to lifestyle changes. Our sedentary lifestyle and lack of exercise are increasing the risk of diabetes. Nowadays, people without a family history of diabetes have also become prone to this metabolic disorder. Lack of exercise is making us overwight. Unhealthy eating habit is also contributing to obesity. Lack of dietary fiber in your diet, and increased intake of fat and simple carbohydrates is making as overweight. Compared to muscle cells, fat cells have lesser number of insulin receptors. Deposition of excess fat in the body reduces the body’s ability to absorb insulin.
Fortunately, diabetes resulting from obesity is reversible. Once you get rid of the excess fat through exercising, the blood glucose level of your body will become normal.
Rise in emotional stress can inhibit the function of the pancreas. Increase in stress, anxiety and depression are believed to be responsible for causing diabetes.