It is a gland in the reproductive system of a male. It measures the size of a walnut. It is situated in the pelvis. It is just in front of the rectum and below the bladder. A component of semen is produced and stored in this gland. The urine flow may be stopped or slowed when the size of prostate increases.
It is developed in the tissue of a prostate. American men generally suffer from prostate cancer. About 186,100 men were diagnosed with prostate cancer in the US in the year 2008. Prostate cancer grows very slowly. The persons, who are diagnosed with prostate cancer, may not die.
It generally affects people, who are aged above 65 years. You may suffer from prostate cancer if any of your relatives earlier suffered from prostate cancer.
You may not notice any symptoms initially. You will be able to notice only after it spreads farther than prostate.
Some of the symptoms include blood in the semen or urine, difficulty in erection, frequent pain in the hips, lower back or upper thighs, urine flow stops or starts and burning or pain during urination. You may also notice these symptoms due to other causes. You are advised to consult your physician if you suffer from any of these symptoms.
Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) sometimes blocks urine. It is not a cancer. However, you need to take treatment for BPH too. Prostatitis may also cause symptoms similar to that of prostate cancer.
How to Diagnose Prostate Cancer
Biopsy can be used to identify prostate cancer. Physician collects tissue samples using a needle during biopsy after applying local anesthesia. A pathologist then examines these samples for cancer cells. They may also recommend blood tests to see the extent of cancer. They may also conduct CT scan or Bone scan.
Treatment Options for Prostate Cancer
The treatment options for prostate cancer include active surveillance, radiation therapy and radical prostatectomy. Consult your physician for appropriate treatment.
Intake of tomatoes, cauliflower and green tea would help to stop the growth of prostate cancer.