Cancer may be developed due to abnormal growth of tissues in our body. Ovarian Cancer, which would develop in the ovaries, is common in females. Progesterone and estrogen are produced in the ovaries. Ovaries also produce eggs for reproduction. Three types of cells including epithelial cells, Stromal cells and Germ cells are present in the ovaries. Cancerous tumors may be formed in any of these cells.
Common Ovarian cancers include carcinomas or cancerous epithelial tumors. Epithelial ovarian carcinomas account for 90% of the ovarian cancers. Among ovarian cancers, germ cell cancers account for 5%. Women aged above 50 years are likely to suffer from stromal tumors. Young girls may also suffer from stromal cancers.
If the ovarian cancer is diagnosed at an early stage, it is possible to save the life of a patient. If the cancer is in advanced stage, the chances of survival are just 30%. The doctor should be aware of your family history for effective treatment at an early stage.
You may not notice any symptoms of ovarian cancer at an early stage.
About 25.5% of women suffering ovarian cancer are detected at early stage.
Ovarian cancer symptoms include frequent urination, vomiting or nausea, fatigue, loss of appetite, bloating and cramping, constipation, gas and indigestion, painful intercourse, sudden change in weight, discomfort in abdomen and lower back and feeling of fullness of after having light meal.
Ovarian cancer is classified into four stages including Stage I, Stage II, Stage III and Stage IV.
If the cancer is detected at this stage, it is very easy to treat. Development of Cancer may be restricted to both the ovaries in stage I.
Carcinoma cells advances a bit in Stage II. Ovarian cancer spreads to fallopian tubes and uterus. The patients have a survival chance of 70-75%.
The cancer spreads to lymph nodes of abdomen. The treatment is very difficult in stage III.
It is the last stage of ovarian cancer. Ovarian cancer is in advanced stage and spreads to lungs and liver. Extensive treatment is needed in this stage.