Oral Contraceptive – Side Effects of Oral Contraceptive

Oral contraceptive

Oral contraceptives are also called as birth control pills and they are  medications used to prevent pregnancy. Oral contraceptives are of different types.

Certain medications will be a combination of two hormones that is estrogen and progesterone while others have progesterone alone.

Combination medications prevent pregnancy by inhibiting the hormones that cause the development of egg and thickening of uterine lining. While progesterone prepares the uterine mucous around the egg to be thick and thus makes it difficult for the sperm to penetrate and thus fertilize. You need to take oral contraceptives  just after your meals otherwise it may cause stomach upsets and take the pill daily at the same time.

Side Effects of Oral Contraceptive

Most of the women does not have any side effects while taking the oral contraceptive but some women may face side effects like nausea, irregular periods, weight gain, headaches etc.


In certain cases there may be spotting in between the menstrual bleeding. This may happen during the first three or four cycles and there after stops. In case if the bleeding continues or becomes heavier then you should consult your doctor.


Some women experience headache while taking the pills and you may then need a pill that contains less estrogen. In rare cases you need to stop the intake of pills.


If you have nausea then take the pills along with your meals and if it does not work then take a pill that consist of less amount of estrogen. Sometimes these pills may increase your appetite and thus leads to weight gain or bloating.

Mood Changes

Contraceptive pills may also cause mood variation in some women.With healthy diet and regular exercise you can alter these mood variations. If its not working then change your pill.


In most of the cases the women who take contraceptive pills may get relief from acne but in certain rare cases acne builds up.

If you are above 35 years or have a history of heart attack, liver diseases, diabetes, sickle cell anemia, gall bladder disorder, blood clots, suspected pregnancy then you should avoid the intake of contraceptive pills. If you face severe abdominal pain, chest pain, shortness of breath, cough, dizziness, numbness, blurred vision, severe leg pain, speech problems etc then you need to meet your doctor immediately.