Irregular Heartbeat – Causes and Treatment

Palpitation, lightheadedness, chest discomfort, fatigue and fainting are symptoms of arrhythmia. Arrhythmia, commonly known as irregular heartbeats, is one of the common heart disorders. Problems in the electrical circuit of the heart are responsible for this condition. Irregular heartbeat is a frightening heart problem, which could cause stroke. It is one of the leading causes of sudden cardiac death.

Causes of irregular heartbeat

Several factors might dam age the electrical system of the heart, which might push up or push down the heart rhythm. Coronary artery disease, disease of the heart valve, changes in the heart muscles, injury to the heart from a heart attack and electrolyte imbalance in the blood are some common causes of irregular heartbeat. One might experience irregular heartbeat while recovering after a heart surgery. While these are the more disturbing causes of arrhythmia, a pounding heart beating above the normal heart rate might occur during excitement, anxiety, stress and vigorous exercise.

Diagnosing irregular heartbeat

Although most patients with irregular heartbeat would experience the symptoms of this heart disorder, arrhythmia is detected in some people only during a medical checkup. Electrocardiogram, Holter monitor, event monitor, stress test, electrophysiology study and cardiac catherterization are some common diagnostic methods for detecting arrhythmia.

Treating irregular heartbeat

Arrhythmia treatment depends on the type of arrhythmia. Certain types of arrhythmia could be suppressed with the help of medications. Implanting pacemaker or cardioverter defibrillator helps to restore the normal electrical system of the heart.

Some people complained of rapid heartbeat after drinking coffee. Health experts recommended avoiding or limiting caffeine intake to prevent arrhythmia. However, a new study has shown that the relation between caffeine and irregular heartbeat is only a myth. Researchers have found that people suffering from irregular heartbeat could normalize their heart rhythm by drinking about four cups of coffee daily. Moderate coffee intake could significantly reduce hospitalization for irregular heartbeat.

Omega 3 fatty acids found in fish oil could significantly reduce irregular heartbeat. Eating fatty fish at least twice a week could help to restore the electrical system of the heart in elderly people. To normalize your heart rhythm, you should limit alcohol consumption. Always consult your physician before taking medicines for treating cold and cough. The stimulants present in these medicines could stimulate arrhythmia. It is advisable to stay away from activities and stress that tends to trigger irregular heartbeat.