If you are not scared of lizards, an iguana could be a great exotic pet for you. This large member of the lizard family is available in various shades of color. Usually you will come across green iguanas. A green baby iguana could change its color as it matures, acquiring a paler color or becoming bluish with stripes or cream and brown blotches. Caring for this exotic pet might not be as easy as caring for conventional pets. Nonetheless, if you are serious about keeping a pet iguana, with least hassles you can easily build the perfect habitat for your exotic pet.
Before bringing your pet home, you should select the perfect cage for the iguana. Don’t cramp your pet in a small space. You can keep a baby iguana in a small cage, but as it grows, you have to accommodate it in larger cages. An adult iguana could grow up to six feet long. It is advisable to select a cage whose length is three times the length of the iguana. The height of the cage should be at least four times the iguana’s length. As cold-blooded creatures, iguanas are extremely sensitive to low temperature. To ensure that your pet could live comfortably in the cage, add a source of heat to the cage. You should place the cage in a sunlit area. Sunlight is necessary for your pet.
Iguanas also need around 65 to 75% humidity. To increase the humidity, you can install a humidifier in your room. You can also use a garden sprayer for misting the cage and the iguana.
Iguanas survive on vegetarian diet. Feed your iguana green leafy vegetables. Iguanas also love flowers such as hibiscus and dandelion. Animal protein is prohibited for iguanas. It causes kidney diseases and gout. Iguanas hardly drink water. Keeping them moist and feeding them vegetables with high water content help to meet their water requirement. While feeding iguanas, ensure that the temperature of its cage remains around 85 degrees Fahrenheit.
With proper care, a pet iguana could live up to 10 to 12 years. Deficiency of vitamin D3, calcium and vitamin B1 could cause illnesses. Exposure to sunlight and a strict vegetarian diet could prevent nutrient deficiencies. To prevent your pet from injuring itself, remove any sharp object from its cage. Make sure that a barrier keeps your pet away from the heat source. To prevent bacterial infections, frequently clean the cage of your pet.