A sonnet is a 14-line poem,Â which is of two main types; one is English or Shakespearean type and another Italian or Petrarchan type. So to write a good sonnet the following points should be remembered.
The first step is to select the subject matter for the sonnet. Generally love and philosophical topics are chosen, but modern sonnets can be based on any subject. It is the subject that pulls the audience.
The next step is to divide the subject of your sonnet into two parts. In the first section you will present the circumstances or feelings to the reader and in the second section you can present some sort of interesting conclusion or climax. The first part should contain three quatrains that is three stanzas of four lines each.
You must write the three quatrains with a rhyme scheme, in which each letter stands for a line of the sonnet and the last words of all lines rhyme with each other. Most sonnets give importance to the meter of iambic pentameter as seen in the sonnets of Shakespeare. So the key thing is that your sonnet must have a good rhyming attitude without disturbing its internal meaning.
The next step is to compose the last two lines of the sonnet and that should also rhyme as well. This part forms the conclusion of the whole sonnet.Â It is very important to compose such a climax of the sonnet that makes some impact on the reader’s mind.
Some of the terms that are used in the process of writing a good sonnet are- Iamb– which is a type of metrical ‘foot’ used in a poem, it is composed of two syllable terms with the emphasis on the second syllable. Pentameter means there are five metrical feet per line, both are combined as Iambic pentameter.
In case of the Italian system of writing sonnets the rhyming schemes commences within the first octave and then in the second sestet. But today modern sonnets do not contain any rhyming at all, simply a set of fourteen lines with ten syllables in each line. But the subject matter should be given much importance.