Health disorders are often the result of unhealthy lifestyle. Although advanced age and genes might be responsible for breast cancer, healthy lifestyle might lower the risk of the disease. The exact causes of breast cancer are unknown.
But scientists have identified several risk factors of the disease. While risk factors such as family history of cancer, your race and your age could not be changed, you can prevent the disease by adopting a healthy diet and through regular physical activities. Genes account for 5 to 10 percent of breast cancer cases.
Breast cancer prevention
Breast cancer prevention diet
Nearly all forms of cancers could be prevented with a diet rich in fresh fruits and vegetables and low in saturated fats. Your total saturated fat intake should be less than 10 percent of your total calorie intake. However, unsaturated fats such as omega-3 fatty acids could lower the risk of breast cancer. Fish oil, flaxseeds, walnuts and whole grains are rich sources of omega-3 fatty acids. In a recent study, researchers have found that women who took fish oil supplements daily had 32 percent lower risk of breast cancer. To eliminate the excess fat from your digestive tract, eat plenty of fiber rich fruits and vegetables.
Excessive alcohol consumption could increase breast cancer risks. Studies have shown that women who don’t drink have lower risk of breast cancer. It is advisable to limit alcohol intake to one drink a day.
Obesity, especially belly fat, increases the risk of breast cancer. Menopausal weight gain is often associated with breast cancer. The abdominal fat cells secrete estrogen hormones after menopause, after the cessation of estrogen production in the ovaries. Rise in estrogen level after menopause increases the risk of breast cancer.
Breastfeeding lowers the risk of breast cancer. Breastfeeding helps to lower the level of oestradiol, which is a hormone secreted during pregnancy to promote breast growth. High levels of oestradiol could promote formation of cancer tumors in the breast.
Avoid estrogen therapy
Long-term hormone replacement therapy could increase the risk of breast cancer. Studies have shown that estrogen in hormone replacement therapy might trigger growth and multiplication of malignant cells in the breast.