Short-term memory, also known as active or primary memory, is the ability of the human brain to store information for a limited period, usually for a few minutes. We are able to store about five to nine items in the short-term memory. Any new information could easily wipe out and replace the information that was earlier retained in the short-term memory. In the short-term memory, information is stored not as an exact replica of the original information. Information is processed and stored in an abstract form in the short-term memory. This nature of short-term memory, make us easily forget the information stored in it. By improving our short-term memories, we can retain more information for a longer time span.
Through several methods, you could easily enhance your short-term memory.
One of the major reasons that make us forgetful is lack of attention. When we are distracted, we easily lose our focus. By paying attention and focusing your mind on a subject, you can remember it for a longer period.
Involve multiple senses
Most of us are visual learners. Visual learners remember a subject best through visualizing an image. To store information in their memory, they must read or see. However, audio learners remember information through hearing. To improve your short-term memory, you should involve your major learning style in retaining the information. For extending short-term memory, often your major learning skill might not be adequate for retaining information. To improve your memory, associate several senses in the learning process. Besides your visual and audio senses, involve smells, tastes, colors and textures with particular information.
By reading, seeing or hearing a subject once, it is difficult to store the information in your short-term memory. Reading, seeing or hearing several times would help to improve your short-term memory.
Modifying your lifestyle helps to improve memory. Studies have shown that regular exercise is not only good for your physical health, but it is also good for your mental health. By increasing supply of oxygenated blood in your brain, regular exercising can help to improve your memory. Managing stress is necessary to prevent poor short-term memory. To reduce stress, you could rely on meditation and breathing exercises. Avoiding smoking, drinking and having a sound sleep in the night could help to improve short-term memory.