How to Feed Your Fish
Fishes are cold blooded animals and they have a body temperature equivalent to that of water temperature. Hence they need less energy when compared to warm blooded animals to keep their body temperature. Less energy means less food to meet the body needs. Most of the fishes need food once in a day. Fish have a habit of eating food when ever it is available to them. But when they are not hungry they will consume only little quantity of the feed. This will add a lot of waste in the tank and will pollute the tank. One day’s over feeding will pollute your aquarium more than that of one months normal feeding.
Problems of Over Feeding
The extra food will stick in to your gravel, filter, prefilter and decorative items and will decay slowly. This will destroy the quality of water with in the tank and may increase the chances of getting diseases to your fishes. More than that it may plug your filter and you may need to do a lot of maintenance work on the filter. Over feeding may also demand frequent water changes as water becomes cloudy white. Above all these overfeeding may increase the growth of algae in the aquarium and algae may take most of the oxygen from the water. An aquarium where fishes are overfed has more of red or black slimy algae instead of the normal green algae.
Types of Fish Foods
The fish food include freeze dried fish foods, flake foods, frozen fish food, pellet foods etc. The food having best nutritive value are freeze dried and frozen fish foods. Among these frozen foods are more preferred. This is because it has long shelf life along with added nutritional benefits. Pellet fish foods are not so common and they are commonly used for feeding carnivores fish as the pellets create the appearance of a live food floating in water. You will also get differently sized pellets as per your fish’s size. Flake fish foods are usually a mixture of different types of foods and because of this it will be difficult for you to calculate the amount of nutrients that each fish gets. Vegetable flakes added with proteins are also available. But the nutritive value of flakes won’t be as good as frozen fish foods.
Most of the fishes are need to be fed only once in a day. But while doing so you must ensure they are getting enough nutrients they need from the single diet. While feeding add a little food a time and wait till the fish finishes it off and then add a little more. Once you observe that your fishes lost interest then stop feeding. Thus you can avoid over feeding.