Colorful fruits and vegetables are extremely beneficial for our health. Including an assortment of fruits and vegetables of different colors in the diet, helps to provide a balanced meal. The colors of the fruits and vegetables are derived from different plant compounds. Studies have shown that these plant pigments are extremely beneficial for our health. They protect us from a large number of diseases.
Red vegetables and fruits contain anthocyanins and lycopene. These plant nutrients are noted for their antioxidant property. According to several studies, lycopene could prevent cancer. Anthocyanins are effective in reducing inflammation. They are beneficial for reducing arthritis pain.
Moreover, these nutrients could also lower the risk of heart diseases and stroke by lowering the level of bad cholesterol in the blood and by normalizing blood pressure.
Orange and yellow
The pigments that give the fruits and vegetables their orange and yellow colors are rich in carotenoids. Beta-carotene, which is a type of carotenoid present in yellow and orange vegetables and fruits, are converted into vitamin A inside our body. Vitamin A is needed for healthy eyesight, strong immunity, healthy nervous system and flawless skin. Yellow and orange fruits and vegetables are also packed with vitamin C and trace elements such as calcium and magnesium.
Blue and purple
Anthocyanins and flavanoids that give fruits and vegetables their blue and purple color are powerful antioxidants. By preventing oxidation of free radicals in our body, antioxidants protect our heart and brain, prevent cancer and delay the aging process.
Green fruits and vegetables, particularly the green leafy vegetables are rich in fiber, carotenoids, and B and C vitamins. Plant nutrients such as lutein and zeaxanthin present in green vegetables and fruits are good for our eyes. They are also powerful antioxidants. To reduce birth defects, green leafy vegetables, which are rich sources of folic acid, are recommended for pregnant women.
By adding white vegetables and fruits such as potatoes, mushrooms, bananas, pears and cauliflowers in your meal, you can prevent certain cancers, such as breast, colon and prostate cancers. Plant nutrients present in white fruits and vegetables strengthen our immune system. Allicin, a type of phytochemical found in these vegetables, is good for people suffering from hypertension.