Growing Peppers

Pepper, a native vegetable of the American continent, could be easily grown in your yard. You can even grow this wonderful plant indoors, in containers. Peppers are available in various shapes, sizes and colors. Select seeds of any pepper variety, plant it in your home garden and watch it grow. Growing peppers


Peppers, just as other members of the nightshade family, require good quality soil with average pH and good drainage. It is advisable to plant pepper seeds outdoors after the last frost. Peppers need temperature above 50 degree Fahrenheit.

If you can’t wait until the last frost passes, you can plant the seeds in a container indoors 8 weeks before the last frost date. While growing pepper plants indoors the plant should receive at least 5 to 12 hours of sunlight. Plant the pepper seeds in ½-inch deep holes.

Make sure that the space between two pepper plants is at least 3 feet. When the seedlings growing in the containers are about 4 inches tall, you can transplant them in your garden.

Transplant the seedlings in the evening or on a cloudy day. The minimum temperature of the garden soil should be 60 degrees Fahrenheit. The soil should be evenly moist.

Plant care

To encourage growth of sweet tasting peppers, water the plants regularly. Your pepper plants would need extra watering during the dry seasons. Usually pepper plants need ½ inch of water every week. Peppers can grow with least care. However, occasionally, you can feed the plants liquid organic fertilizers, which you can easily prepare at home.

After the first leaves appear on the transplanted seedling you can fertilize with a commercial liquid nitrogen fertilizer. However, nitrogen fertilizers should not be used when the plant starts flowering. Poor growth and pale colored leaves are signs of nutrient deficiency.

Promptly fertilize the plants the moment you notice these signs of poor nourishment. Frequently remove the weeds growing around your pepper plants. Usually pests don’t attack pepper plants.

Occasionally brass colored beetle, pepper weevil, aphids, cutworms, flea beetles and horn worms might attack pepper plants. You can use insecticides to keep bugs away from the plants. Copper-based fungicides are usually recommended for treating fungal infections.