Female Infertility Causes and Symptoms

Female Infertility Female infertility symptoms and causes

Infertility in females has become very common in this modern world. Infertility means the incapability to conceive and then give birth to a child. There can be a lot of reasons for infertility which can be physical or mental. Most of the women start worrying if they don’t get pregnant after three or four months of unprotected sex. But infertility arises when the women can’t conceive even after a year.

Causes of Infertility

Defects in Uterus

The major cause for infertility in women is the defects of their uterus. In some cases the uterus may be septate or sub-septate. This septum in between the uterus may cause problems in conceiving and there after in holding the fetus.


Some women may have fibroid in their uterus and it may impair their chances of getting pregnant, especially the fibroid in the mouth of the uterus.

Ovarian Problems

Polycystic ovary is a main reason for infertility. Here the egg develops in the ovary and there after fails to mature and burst open. Then the partially matured egg remains in the ovary and get turns in to a small cyst.

In certain cases the ovary fails to make any eggs and they will stop their work. This results in premature menopause and thus leads to infertility.

Endometriosis is another reason for infertility. During the cycle these tissues gets thicker as that in the uterus and discharge blood at the time of menstruation. Ovarian endometriosis causes blood filled sacks in ovary. Endometriosis develops scars in fallopian tube and ovary and thus reduces your chances for getting pregnant.

Hormonal Imbalance

Excessive production of male hormone called androgens may also impair your fertility. Thyroid problems may also affect your hormonal level and thus leads to infertility.

Sexually Transmitted Diseases

Sexually transmitted diseases like syphilis, gonorrhea, HIV, yeast infection, inflammation of fallopian tube, Chlamydia etc may cause problems in conceiving.


The most common symptoms of infertility are irregular menstrual cycle. Sometimes there may be excessive bleeding while at other times there may not be any bleeding. The hormonal imbalances may cause emotional problems, anxiety, fear, mental depression, tension etc. There may be severe menstrual cramps and pain in the pelvic region. There may pain during intercourse also.

If you feel any such symptoms then consult your doctor to make sure that you are physically fit for having a baby.