Uterus Cancer is also called Endometrial Cancer. It generally begins in the uterus lining. Women generally suffer from Endometrial Cancer after menopause. It results in irregular vaginal bleeding. Doctors extract a piece of uterus tissue to analyze uterus cancer. Several American women aged between 50 and 65 suffer from carcinoma. Over 80% of the uterus cancers are adenocarcinomas. Sarcomas account for 5% of the Endometrial Cancer.
It generally occurs in women, who consume food rich in fats. Diabetes, Obesity and hypertension are the risk factors for uterus cancer. Other factors such as menopause after the age of 52 and early beginning of menstrual periods causes increased estrogen levels. The women, who don’t have children, are likely to suffer from uterus cancer. Tumors, which release estrogen, and excessive bleeding could also cause uterus cancer.
Women, who have several menstrual periods in their lifetime, are likely to suffer from uterus cancer. Some drugs, which are used to cure breast cancer, may also cause uterus cancer. Intake of oral contraceptives, which includes progestin and estrogen, would minimize uterus cancer risk.
Early symptoms for uterus cancer include excess bleeding from vagina, bleeding between menstrual periods, bleeding after menopause, irregular and heavy periods. Hence, women suffering from vaginal bleeding after menopause should consult the physician.
Doctors take a sample tissue of endometrium to ascertain uterus cancer. They may recommend more tests, if the diagnosis is uncertain. On ensuring endometrial cancer, doctors would suggest doing various tests including liver and kidney functional tests, blood test, chest x-ray to determine how far it has spread. If results indicate cancer has spread beyond the uterus, they may recommend CT scan. They may conduct surgery to remove the cancer-affected areas if possible. If the cancer were detected in the early stage, women would have a chance to live for another 5 years. Prognosis is recommended for women, whose cancer has not spread beyond the uterus.
Physicians generally remove the uterus to prevent uterus cancer. Ovaries, fallopian tubes and the uterus can be removed to cure cancer, if the cancer has not spread beyond the uterus. Doctors would decide the appropriate treatment depending on the intensity of cancer.