Diabetic ketoacidosis is a serious health condition that might occur in people with diabetes. Compared with people with type 2 diabetes, diabetics suffering from type 1 diabetes have a higher risk of developing this condition. In diabetic ketoacidosis, either there is no insulin in the body or the amount of insulin is insignificant. As soon as you notice the symptoms of diabetic ketoacidosis, you should seek immediate medical intervention. The complications developing from this condition might even cause death if the condition is left untreated.
Symptoms of diabetic ketoacidosis
The early symptoms of diabetic ketoacidosis include excess increase in thirst, frequent urination, nausea, vomiting, shortness of breath, loss in appetite and fatigue. You might experience confusion, the mouth and skin becomes dry, the heartbeat increases and the blood pressure falls. Your breath might have a fruity smell. As the symptoms progress, vision will become blurred. The patient might even faint, and if left untreated even at this stage, coma and consequently death might occur. Since the symptoms of diabetic ketoacidosis develop speedily, often within 24 hours, family members of diabetics should always take prompt action as soon as they notice the signs of diabetic ketoacidosis.
What causes diabetic ketoacidosis?
To prevent diabetic ketoacidosis, you should know the factors that trigger this condition in diabetics. We all know that sugar that we obtain from foods is the primary source of energy of the body. The low insulin level in diabetics prevents the body from absorbing sugar from the bloodstream. In the absence of sugar, your body is forced to look for an alternative energy source. To preserve its regular functions, your body will now break down the fat deposits in the body. In the fat metabolism process, the glucagon and adrenaline hormones metabolize the fatty acids, producing ketones as by products. Ketones are toxic substances. High levels of ketones are detrimental for the health.
How to prevent diabetic ketoacidosis
Regular health care could reduce the risk of developing diabetic ketoacidosis. To prevent this condition, diabetics should maintain their regular diet and medication routine. You should not miss your diabetic medication dose as prescribed by your physician. Frequent monitoring of the blood sugar level could help you to prevent any mishap. Checking the ketone level in the urine is necessary to prevent diabetic ketoacidosis. Over-the-counter test kits are available for monitoring the ketone level in the urine.