A person diagnosed with diabetes should modify his/her diet plan. A proper diet plan could prevent the blood sugar level from reaching abnormal heights.
The type of food we eat and the portions of the food help to determine our blood sugar level. After having a meal, as the carbohydrate content in the meal is converted into glucose, the blood sugar level rises. The insulin, secreted by the pancreas, helps the body to absorb the excess glucose from the blood stream. In a normal person, before a meal, the blood sugar level should remain between 90 and 130mg/dL, while 1 to 2 hours after the full meal, the blood sugar level should remain less than 180mg/dL. A diabetic person should modify his/her meal to keep the blood sugar level within the normal range.
Counting the carbohydrate content in your meal could help to keep the blood sugar level within the normal range. Depending on the condition of your health, a diabetic person could consume 45 to 60 grams of carbohydrates per meal. The quality of the carbohydrate and the portion size will be determined according to your carbohydrate requirement. Diabetic patients should try to obtain most of their carbohydrate requirements from whole grain food products. Non-starchy vegetables have very low carbohydrate content and are ideal for diabetes patients. Fruits, unsweetened fruit juices, dried beans, soy products, starchy vegetables, milk and yogurt are also sources of carbohydrates suitable for diabetes sufferers. While buying foods, always check the food label to determine the amount of carbohydrate present in each serving.
Create your plate
Creating your plate helps to produce a balanced meal. An ideal diabetes meal should comprise primarily of non-starchy vegetables, with little amounts of starchy foods and proteins. Half of your dinner plate should comprise of non-starchy vegetables such as leafy green vegetables, carrots, broccoli, cauliflower, mushrooms, pepper, tomatoes, beets, okra, onion or vegetable juices. A quarter of your dinner plate should be occupied by whole grain cereals, whole grain breads, rice and starchy vegetables. Another quarter of your plate should contain lean meat, chicken, fish, seafood, egg or low fat cheese. You can complement your meal with a glass of non-fat or low fat milk or 6oz of unsweetened yogurt.