Diabetes in Children
Diabetes is a condition in which the body produces less insulin and there by increases the level of sugar in the blood. People of any age are susceptible to diabetes. Now a day’s diabetes in kids is quite common. About 90 percentage of the kids having diabetes are affected with Type I diabetes and less than 10 percentage gets Type II diabetes.
Causes of Diabetes in Children
Type I diabetes is an autoimmune disease in which the immune system of the body attacks its own organs and tissues and thus the level of blood sugar increases. Type I diabetes are caused due to the destruction of the insulin producing cells present in the pancreas.Â Type I diabetes is formed due to the combination of genetic and environmental triggers. Kids who don’t have a family history of diabetes are found to be affected with Type I diabetes.
While the Type II diabetes is the result of over weight and lack of exercise.
Kids who had a very bad diet from their early stage of life are prone to Type II diabetes.
Symptoms of Diabetes in Kids
The major symptoms exhibited by kids having diabetes are same as that of adults. The symptoms of Type I diabetes will come out in few days, while the patient having Type II diabetes if not cared can live with out any symptoms for many years and there after it creates serious problems. The common symptoms shown by kids are weight loss, thirst, tiredness and frequent urination. Symptoms particular to kids are headache, behavioral problems, stomach ache, bedwetting, deep breathing, vomiting etc. History of frequent illness with out any reasons and repeated pains in the tummy are needed to be considered as indications of diabetes.
Treatment for Diabetes
Once your kid is found to have diabetes then you need to take him to hospitals managing childhood diabetes. There the doctor may prescribe insulin treatments for your kid. In the initial period the kids will be given small doses of insulin injection and there after they will increase the dose.
Most of the doctors’ advice fast acting insulin during the day time and slow acting ones at night. You must be careful about your kid’s glucose control and need to avoid low blood glucose attacks. In an early stage the Type II diabetes can be treated with good exercise and healthy diet.