Although you would hate to know that a cyst is present in your ovary, ovarian cysts are largely harmless. Usually they hardly cause any discomfort, and subsides naturally without medical intervention. However, women with ovarian cysts might expect to experience serious symptoms if the cyst ruptures.
Causes of ovarian cyst
In each monthly menstrual cycle, fluid filled sacs containing eggs develop on the ovaries. These are known as follicles. Although several eggs are present in the follicles, only one egg matures completely. The follicle containing the fully matured egg ruptures to release the matured egg in the fallopian tube. The rest of the follicles degenerate gradually. For some unknown reasons, instead of degenerating, one or more follicles might continue to grow, producing ovarian cysts.
Symptoms of ruptured ovarian cyst
Ruptured ovarian cyst could cause serious health complications. If not treated early, it can cause internal bleeding and infection. Often the symptoms of ruptured ovarian cysts might overlap with that of regular ovarian cysts. It causes intense pelvic pain. The pain intensifies during physical activities and sexual intercourse.
The pain also increases before the beginning of the period or towards the end. Unusual menstrual bleeding, such as irregular periods, excess bleeding, too little bleeding, absence of bleeding or spotting in between periods are common symptoms of ruptured cysts. Fever, weakness, dizziness, nausea and vomiting are some common symptoms of ruptured ovarian cyst. Excessive high or low pressure could occur when an ovarian cyst ruptures.
Ruptured ovarian cyst treatment
The exact treatment will depend on the severity of the ruptured cyst. In case of benign ovarian cysts, your doctor might wait for about a week to see whether the ruptured cyst heals naturally without any external help. You will be prescribed antibiotics to prevent infections. Surgery will be required if the cyst refuses to disappear and the painful symptoms of ruptured cysts recur.
After a ruptured cyst is treated, to prevent further recurrence of ovarian cysts, your physician might prescribe oral contraceptives to prevent occurrence of ovarian cysts in the future. In addition, prolonged intake of birth control pills might reduce the risk of ovarian cancer.