Colonoscopy Procedure

Colonoscopy plays an important role in health care and is useful in detecting the problems in intestine, rectum etc. It  helps you to find out the reason for blood in stool, diarrhea, abdominal pain etc..

Colonoscope is an elongated fiber optic camera. This is a flexible tube having the thickness of a finger. It is  inserted through anus and moves slowly in to the rectum for examining the entire colon from cecum to rectum.

Benefits of Colonoscopy

This will help you to detect gastrointestinal hemorrhages, ulcers, cysts, polyps, inflammatory bowel diseases, malignant cancer etc. The modern technological advances in Colonoscopy  helps to identify even the microorganisms and signs of anemia. Colonoscopy helps to detect the colon cancer during its initial stage  before spreading and thus protect you from life  threatening disease.

Colonoscopy Procedure

Before undergoing Colonoscopy the bowels have to be cleaned so that the walls of the colon can be seen easily and clearly. Three days before the date of your colonoscopy you need to be in liquid diet and must avoid fiber and foods. While doing colonoscopy you will be given sedatives or pain killers intravenously so that you feel relaxed and calm. You will be asked to lie down on your left side with the knees pulled up towards the chest. Sometimes a little air will be used to dilate the colon. Then the physician will insert the colonoscopy through your anus and advances slowly through the large intestine. The physician may remove certain tissues from the colon for further analysis and if you have polyps then it will be removed completely. Sometimes you may  have mild cramping while undergoing this procedure.

You can start your normal diet a day after the examination. You may also have some blood spotting after colonoscopy and that is normal. If you have large clots, abdominal pain, bleeding etc after the procedure then report to the physician immediately.

In certain cases colonoscopy helps to diagnose and treat the problems in the colon and helps you to avoid surgeries.