Colitis is an extremely painful condition characterized by inflammation of the colon and rectum. Also known as, ulcerative colitis, this inflammatory bowel disease is not curable. You can only prevent the flare-ups by regulating your dietary habits. Colitis diet is meant to heal the symptoms of colitis flare-ups and prevents recurrent occurrence of the intestinal disorder.
The primary objective of the colitis diet is to ensure adequate calorie intake without causing any intestinal discomfort. People suffering from ulcerative colitis are unable to eat properly, which makes them vulnerable to rapid weight loss.
Diet during colitis flare-ups
Although meals rich in dietary fibers are beneficial for the health of your intestines, but the high amount of residues produced by the fiber rich meals could worsen the symptoms of ulcerative colitis. While fibers in your food could reduce the risk of colitis flare-ups, once the colitis symptoms develop, you should avoid fiber rich foods. Low residue diet is recommended for treating the symptoms of colitis flare-ups.
A low residue colitis diet helps to reduce the colon and rectum discomfort by reducing formation of stools. Your diet during colitis flare-ups should be devoid of whole grains, whole fruits and vegetables, fruit and vegetable pulps, nuts, seeds, coconut and dry fruits. You should also avoid dairy products because they produce excess residue after digestion. Ensure that the meat is tender and soft. Tough meat could worsen your condition. You should also stay away from gassy foods such as cauliflower, Brussels sprout and broccoli.
Fruit juices, excluding citrus fruit juices, clear vegetable soup, fish oil, flax seed oil, unsweetened yogurt, cooked apples, banana and papaya are beneficial for people suffering from colitis. Replace the large meals with six smaller meals. Avoid caffeine, artificial sweeteners and alcohol. Remember to drink plenty of water and clear fluids.
Diet for preventing colitis
Once the symptoms of the inflammatory bowel disease subside, you should gradually introduce fiber rich foods in your diet. Instead of eating raw vegetables, it is advisable to consume cooked and steamed vegetables. Do not cook your foods in aluminum pans. If you are prone to lactose or gluten allergy, avoid milk, dairy products and products containing wheat, barley and rye.