Choking is the blockage of the upper respiratory tract with some food particles or objects. Usually in adults food particles may block the windpipe and cause choking.
While kids may swallow some small objects and it may block the windpipe.
Choking may cause cough in the affected person which is the reaction of the body to through the choked object out of the windpipe. If your lungs don’t get oxygen for more than 4 minutes then it may cause brain damage and may even end up with loss of life.
Causes of Choking
The air you breathe in and the food you consume goes through your throat. From there food and liquid will move through esophagus while the air goes through trachea or windpipe. There is a cartilaginous flap called epiglottis in the throat near the windpipe. Epiglottis controls or blocks the food from entering in to the trachea by closing the opening of trachea while taking the food.
If you laugh while taking food then epiglottis may not get closed properly and it may result in the entry of food to the trachea and thus causing choking.
Then your body may immediately react by making you to cough and thus throw the food out of the trachea. In certain condition the food may block the windpipe completely and the person can’t breathe, talk or cough.
If food is not chewed properly then also choking may happen. If you have the habit of consuming alcohol then it may affect your swallowing mechanism. Certain diseases like Parkinson’s disease may also cause choking.
Symptoms of Choking
Choking of food makes the person unable to speak and at times it will be difficult to make even a noise. Most of the people may grab their throat with both their hands. He will have difficulty in breathing and at times shows inability to forcefully cough. If this extends the skin, nails and lips may turn blue and then the face of the victim may turn red and then to blue. He may even fall unconscious.
Treatment for Choking
If you see anybody choking then you can do Heimlich Maneuver on him. Under this mechanism you have to stand behind the affected person and give him a quick squeeze in the abdomen. This squeeze may send a powerful burst of air from the lungs and this may help the person to through out the dislodged object out of throat.