Cervical Cancer: know the causes, symptoms and prevention

cervical-cancer Cervical cancer is a disease impacting many women worldwide every year. In US alone, around 9000 women come under the grasp of this ailment every year.

This type of cancer occurs in the cervical region of a female body. It occurs due to cancerous growth of certain cells in the uterus’s cervix region.

Reasons causing cervical cancer

Cervical cancer risk is highly increased with the presence of ‘Human Papillomavirus (HPV).’  This virus is known to attack human skin and mucus cells.

Also some categories of this virus are known to cause warts and cancerous growths inside one’s body.

Mostly this virus spreads when a women has multiple sexual partners. In fact, according to research, many women contract the virus through unhygienic sexual practices and don’t even realize it initially.

There are at least 150 known HPV types that exist and according to doctors at least 15 of these are ‘high-risk’ types.

If one has a family history of cervical cancer, then it could be a probable reason for contracting the disease.

Common Symptoms

Generally the preliminary symptoms of cervical cancer are persistent vaginal bleeding, painful and prolonged menstruation, abnormal discharge from vagina and pain in the pelvis area.

Also, one might experience pain while engaging in sexual intercourse. If the cancer has reached an advanced stage; then one might also feel bladder pain. This might cause pain while urinating.

Prevention techniques

There are some ways to keep cervical cancer away. In fact the best thing about this cancer-type is the fact that it can be averted.

‘Pap smear’ tests are screening tests that help in uncovering cervical cancer. Undergoing this diagnosis process can help women prevent this disease in a big way.

Also, since the disease is a widely sexually transmitted ailment; it is wise to have a single sexual partner.

If one has been infected with the HPV virus then it is very essential to stop tobacco intake and smoking. Smoking aids the growth of any form of cancer and is therefore, a persistent danger for cervical cancer growth as well.

One can also get vaccinated with HPV vaccine in order to reduce the risk of contracting this disease. The only condition is that one should be below the age of 27.

The vaccine called, Gardasil is recommended by FDA and is provided to girls before they engage in sexual practices.