Heel pain is now a days common in most of the people. Sometimes heel pain appears all on a sudden and it gets worsen in time. If the heel pain is not treated it may impair a person’s daily life. Heel pain may not be a result of fall or ankle injury. It can be due to repetitive pounding or excessive stress on the heel. Mostly athletes are prone to develop heel pain. Along with pain there may be swelling also. The excessive stress may lead to strain on the ligaments and muscles in the calf, foot and ankle and results in pain and swelling. Some of the causes for heel pain are listed below.
Causes of Heel Pain
This is the most commonly seen cause of heel pain. Here the plantar fascia ligaments may get inflamed and it causes tears to the tissues that make the foot’s arch. It causes heel pain while walking or standing for a long period.
Excessive stress on plantar fascia ligaments may leads to heel spur at the point where plantar fascia gets attached to the heel bone. Here the heel bone extends from the bottom of the heel bone and result in the formation of hooked and pointed bone. This bone penetrates through the soft tissues in the heel. This causes inflammation to the tissues and plantar fascia. Heel spur cause severe pain and pain get worsen when you get out of the bed in the morning. This is because the heel pain subsides when you take long rest and elevates when you started to move. This is because the plantar fascia becomes tight while taking rest and when begins to move there will be more stretch on the plantar fascia which causes severe pain. In time these ligaments get loose reduces the pain.
Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome
Tarsal tunnel is a space between the bones of the foot and through which the posterior tibial nerve passes. Tarsal tunnel syndrome occur when this large nerve gets entrapped or pinched and this cause severe pain.
Posterior Heel Pain
Posterior heel pain is the pain in the back of the foot than on the underneath. It can be due to retrocalcaneal bursitis or Achilles tendinitis.
In order to cure the heel pain first you must know the causes for the pain. Knowing the real cause may help you to get rid of the pain.