Diabetic neuropathy is a condition in which the nerves of the diabetic patients get damaged and thus casing problems to them. It is seen in people who are suffering from diabetes for a long period. It may affect people of any age but is mostly seen in people above the age of 40. It may affect people of any race and sex. Diabetic neuropathy is seen in those diabetic people who have high amount of fat in their blood and have high blood pressure.
There are different types of diabetic neuropathy like peripheral diabetic neuropathy, autonomic neuropathy, proximal neuropathy and focal neuropathy.
Causes of Diabetic Neuropathy
The nerve damage in diabetic patients are due to certain metabolic factors like high level of glucose in blood, long period of having high blood sugar, low level of insulin in blood and abnormal amount of fat in blood. Certain autoimmune factors may cause inflammation in the nerves and cause loss of sensation.
Sometimes any mechanical injury to the nerve may also cause the diabetic neuropathy. Sometimes the neurovascular factors cause damage to the blood vessels that supply nutrients and oxygen to the nerves. Some people may have an inherited trait which makes them prone to develop nerve problems. In certain other times your lifestyle like alcohol consumption, smoking etc may increase your risks for getting diabetic neuropathy.
Symptoms of Diabetic Neuropathy
Most of the symptoms remain unnoticed as the nerve damage will be very less during the initial period and when the damage becomes severe the symptoms begin to appear. Symptoms of diabetic neuropathy appear according the type of neuropathy and the type of nerves that gets affected. The most commonly seen symptoms include numbness, pain, tingling etc on the affected leg, feet, toes, arms, hands and fingers. There may be a reduction in the muscles of the hands and feet.
Certain other people may develop diarrhea, constipation, vomiting, nausea, indigestion, urinary problems etc. If the nerves related to the blood vessels are affected then the person may experience low blood pressure, dizziness, fatigue etc. If the nerves of sex organs are affected then the patient may suffer from erectile dysfunction, vaginal dryness, ejaculation problems etc.
In order to regulate these condition check your blood sugar regularly and try to control its level. Exercise daily to maintain your weight and take proper care of your skin.