Orchids are one of the most beautiful flowers in this world and hence it is called queen of flowers. Orchids are highly vulnerable to pollution and global warming and many of the species are endangered now. Orchid being an epiphyte takes the water and nutrients required for its growth from the atmosphere.
Care requiredÂ for an orchid
1.Â Â Â Water
Most of the people have a misunderstanding that orchid requires lot of water as they are the native of tropical rain forest. But if you drench the orchid pot in water then it may rot due to water logging. Orchid prefers a moist rooting medium than water logging. It is best to water the plants early in the morning as the excess water will drain out by evening. Orchid prefers to have water only once in a week. If it is a summer then you can water your plant twice a week. Similarly the watering can vary depending up on the size of the pot and the growing medium. A large pot filled with highly water retentive growing medium requires less frequent watering.
2.Â Â Â Light
Different types of orchids require different amounts of light for their growth and flowering. Varieties that require high light intensities are dendrobiums, cattleyas, oncidiums etc and those require less light intensity light are phalaenopsis, paphiopedilums, miltonias etc. If your plant produces dark green leaves and no flowers that means the orchid is not getting enough light.Â If the plant produces yellowish green or light green and at times reddish leaves then the orchid is getting too much light than that required.
Then the leaves will become warmer than the surroundings. You can help your orchid with artificial fluorescent lights in case of low light intensities.
3.Â Â Â Humidity
Orchid needs humidity at the range of 50% to 70% during the day time. You need to take necessary care to maintain this humidity level in summer also. For this you can spray water on the leaves and stems and while spraying water make sure that the orchid is getting enough time to dry up before night. Otherwise you can keep your orchid pot over a tray containing water.
First you have to take water in a tray and then lace some pebbles on the water and then keep the pot over the pebbles. This will help you to avoid the contact between the water and the pot and thus can prevent the capillary rise of water through the base of the pot. Take care to clean the pebbles once in two months to avoid infections.
4.Â Â Â Ventilation
Provide good ventilation to your orchid to ensure proper growth and to prevent sun burn and disease incidence.
5.Â Â Â Temperature
Ideal day temperature for the orchid plant is 70 degree F and night temperature is about 60 degree F.
6.Â Â Â Fertilizer
Feed your orchid with more nitrogen in the initial period and with more phosphorous and potassium towards the end of the season. This will help the plant to acquire good
vegetative growth during the initial period and to flower profusely at the end of the season.
7.Â Â Â Pruning
For maintaining the healthy growth of your orchid you need to do timely pruning and repotting.