For diabetic patients, foot problems, if left untreated, causes serious health hazards. Diabetes weakens the organs of our body. It adversely affects our nervous system. Often people suffering from diabetes are unable to feel their feet. The numbness of the feet makes it difficult to feel the sensation of pain when the foot is injured or bruised. The decrease in oil and sweat secretion in the skin of the foot, which is another symptom of diabetes, creates several problems. When we move around, lack of lubrication increases pressure on the bones, muscles and skins of the foot. Uncontrolled high blood sugar level slackens blood circulation in our body. The peripheral parts of the body, especially our feet are badly affected by the reduced blood circulation. It becomes extremely difficult for antibiotics to reach the site of wounds and infections through the blood stream. If antibiotics could not act, the sores in our food could not heal. In diabetic patients, even minor injury can become extremely complicated, which might ultimately develop into gangrene, resulting in amputation and even death.
Foot care should therefore be a part of the daily routine of diabetes patients. The earlier one detects an injury or sore, the better is it for your health.
Regular foot examination
If you are suffering from diabetes, you should examine your feet thoroughly at least twice a day. If you detect any signs of abnormality, you should immediately contact your doctor.
You should always keep your feet free from dirt. Wash your feet everyday with lukewarm water and a mild antiseptic soap. Use a soft towel to dry your foot. You should pat dry your foot gently. Do not rub your foot harshly.
Always make sure your foot is completely dry. You can apply a water-based moisturizer on your foot. However, avoid applying the moisturizer between the toes. You should not allow your fingernails to grow long. Since scissors are risky to use, only use safety clippers to trim your nails. Your nails should be straight, without any sharp edges.
Diabetes sufferers should not walk bare footed. Always wear well-fitted covered shoes. If you are wearing socks, select only the cotton and woolen ones. Stay away from elastic socks, since they will obstruct blood circulation.